He Waka Eke Noa
He Waka Eke Noa is a partnership between industry, Māori and Government.
He Waka Eke Noa is developing a practical framework to support farmers to measure, manage and reduce agricultural emissions. This includes an approach to recognising on-farm sequestration and other potential mitigations, and an effective system for pricing agricultural emissions from 2025.
Find out what growers need to do to meet these targets.
2022 Engagement complete
A number of growers participated in the engagement through online forums and the He Waka Eke Noa survey feedback during February and March, about how they should pay for greenhouse gas emissions.
Most growers have relatively low emissions, and therefore the emissions reductions achievable are likely to be small. For many growers the costs of claiming emissions reduction or sequestration rebates, under either He Waka Eke Noa option, may exceed their value.
To avoid a situation where the money paid by the horticulture sector is diverted into administration costs and paying rebates for the benefit of higher emitting sectors, the horticulture sector considers it vital that He Waka Eke Noa includes specific criteria that ensure revenue recycling benefits the horticulture sector and that price settings and the distribution of the administration costs should reward low emissions farming. These criteria should influence the following elements of both the Farm-level and the Processor-Level hybrid pricing options.
- Revenue recycling
- Administration costs distribution
Promoted HWEN pages
Pricing options: what are they?
He Waka Eke Noa final round of engagement with growers and farmers is now complete, and the programme will begin preparing their final advice to the Government. The Partnership has to consider the trade-offs between the options.
A range of options were considered by the partners:
The alternative to these options is the ‘Backstop’ – Agriculture in the NZ Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS).
Learn how Jay Clarke and his family have been getting to grips with greenhouse gas emissions on their commercial vegetable operations in the Horowhenua.
More information on He Waka Eke Noa
New Zealand's agricultural greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are not currently priced in the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS).
He Waka Eke Noa is a partnership between industry, Māori and Government to develop a practical framework to measure, manage and reduce agricultural GHG emissions. The design considerations include a better approach to recognising on-farm sequestration, other potential mitigations, and pricing agricultural emissions from 2025 onwards.
Partner organisations include Apiculture NZ, Beef + Lamb New Zealand, DairyNZ, DCANZ, Deer Industry NZ, Federation of Māori Authorities, Federated Farmers of New Zealand, Foundation for Arable Research, Horticulture New Zealand, Irrigation NZ, Meat Industry Association, Ministry for Primary Industries and Ministry for the Environment.
The partnership is working towards a series of milestones written into law (see He Waka Eke Noa milestones below).
He Waka Eke Noa is focused on agricultural GHG emissions. These include:
- Nitrous oxide from synthetic nitrogenous fertilisers
- Methane and nitrous oxide from animals
To learn more about these emissions, visit the AgMatters website.
He Waka Eke Noa does not cover:
- Other on-farm emissions from sources like fuel and electricity
- Organic nitrogen fertilisers like compost and manures
The following milestones relating to the measurement, management, reporting and pricing of agricultural GHG emissions are written into legislation, in the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading Reform) Amendment Act 2020. The milestones are what He Waka Eke Noa is working towards.
Farm emissions reporting milestones:
1. For 25% of farms in New Zealand, a person responsible for farm management holds a documented annual total of on-farm greenhouse gas emissions, by methods and definitions accepted by the He Waka Eke Noa Steering group, by 31 December 2021.
2. For all farms in New Zealand, a person responsible for farm management holds a documented annual total of on-farm greenhouse gas emissions, by methods and definitions accepted by the He Waka Eke Noa Steering group, by 31 December 2022.
3. A pilot of a farm-level accounting and reporting system has been completed by 1 January 2024 across a range of farm types.
4. A system for farm-level accounting and reporting of 2024 agricultural greenhouse gas emissions at farm level is in use by all farms by 1 January 2025.
Farm plan milestones:
5. Guidance is provided to farmers on how to measure and manage greenhouse gas emissions through farm planning by 1 January 2021.
6. A quarter of farms have a written plan in place to measure and manage their greenhouse gas emissions by 1 January 2022.
7. All farms have a written plan in place to measure and manage their greenhouse gas emissions by 1 January 2025.
The Government may decide to pull agricultural GHG emissions in the ETS earlier than 2025 if the partnership is not making adequate progress towards these milestones.
He Waka Eke Noa has approved several tools that growers and farmers can use to calculate their emissions.
To meet Milestone 2, by 31 December 2022, all farms (enterprises over 80 hectares) need to know their total annual emissions number.
HortNZ will contact those affected growers to step them through the process throughout November 2021 - February 2022. Growers can calculate their emissions using the HortNZ approved spreadsheet below.
If you have animals on your farm, you will need to consider emissions from animals. The FAR emissions tool is simple to use and can be found here.
To meet Milestone 6, by 1 January 2022, a quarter of farms (enterprises over 80 hectares) need a farm plan to manage their emissions.
He Waka Eke Noa has provided conditional approved several existing industry farm plans, including GLOBALG.A.P. and NZGAP checklists, as meeting the requirements for Milestone 6.
The GAP schemes are working on improvements to their checklists to gain final approval. The fully approved version of GAP will be in place for Milestone 7 in 2025.
If you are a grower with over 80 hectares, you may be contacted by HortNZ between November 2021 and February 2022 to assist you with your emissions calculation. This is part of our industry’s efforts to meet Milestones 2 and 7.
In future, the 80 hectare threshold may change as part of the preferred pricing system design. We will know what this looks like in early 2022, following primary sector and public engagement on the pricing design options. Following the incorporation of engagement feedback, the partnership will submit its preferred system design to Ministers in April 2022.
HortNZ Agricultural Emissions Calculator HWEN Approved
Calculate your emissions number from fertiliser use for your horticultural operation.
XLSX, 29 KB.
Plant & Food Research report on carbon sequestration of orchards and shelterbelts
Agricultural greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration from a range of perennial horticultural crops in New Zealand.
PDF, 794 KB.