He Waka Eke Noa
He Waka Eke Noa is a partnership between industry, Māori and Government to develop a practical framework to measure, manage and reduce agricultural GHG emissions.
The following documents include the relevant submissions, media releases, and reports that makeup a timeline of work starting in May 2022.
Deferral of NZ ETS reporting obligations for animals-farmer activities
HortNZ supported deferring the ETS backstop for animal farmers.
PDF, 252 KB.
HortNZ responded to the Government's statement about He Waka Eke Noa.
Government responded to He Waka Eke Noa and the pricing agricultural emissions consultation.
HortNZ submission on pricing agricultural emissions
HortNZ submitted in the best interests of growers in response to the MfE consultation document on pricing agricultural emissions.
PDF, 321 KB.
Media release on joint submission
The primary sector summarised our joint submission on pricing agricultural emissions.
Primary sector joint submission on pricing agricultural emissions
Primary sector, including HortNZ, and Māori agribusiness submitted on the government proposal to price agricultural emissions.
Comparison between He Waka recommendations and Government consultation
This document illustrates how the Government consultation on agricultural emissions pricing reflects the He Waka Eke Noa recommendations.
Pricing agricultural emissions: consultation document
Ministry for the Environment released this consultation document to seek feedback on pricing agricultural emissions.
Climate Change Commission report
The Climate Change Commission provided independent advice to Government on emissions pricing.
He Waka Eke Noa recommendations
He Waka Eke Noa submitted its final recommendations to Government.
Promoted HWEN pages
'Know your number' emissions calculator
Growers can calculate their emissions using the HortNZ approved calculator spreadsheet.
Frequently asked questions
New Zealand's agricultural greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are not currently priced in the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS).
He Waka Eke Noa is a partnership between industry, Māori and Government to develop a practical framework to measure, manage and reduce agricultural GHG emissions. The design considerations include a better approach to recognising on-farm sequestration, other potential mitigations, and pricing agricultural emissions from 2025 onwards.
Partner organisations include Apiculture NZ, Beef + Lamb New Zealand, DairyNZ, DCANZ, Deer Industry NZ, Federation of Māori Authorities, Federated Farmers of New Zealand, Foundation for Arable Research, Horticulture New Zealand, Irrigation NZ, Meat Industry Association, Ministry for Primary Industries and Ministry for the Environment.
The partnership is working towards a series of milestones written into law (see He Waka Eke Noa milestones below).
He Waka Eke Noa is focused on agricultural GHG emissions. These include:
- Nitrous oxide from synthetic nitrogenous fertilisers
- Methane and nitrous oxide from animals
To learn more about these emissions, visit the AgMatters website.
He Waka Eke Noa does not cover:
- Other on-farm emissions from sources like fuel and electricity
- Organic nitrogen fertilisers like compost and manures
The following milestones relating to the measurement, management, reporting and pricing of agricultural GHG emissions are written into legislation, in the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading Reform) Amendment Act 2020. He Waka Eke Noa is working towards these milestones.
Farm emissions reporting milestones:
1. For 25% of farms in New Zealand, a person responsible for farm management holds a documented annual total of on-farm greenhouse gas emissions, by methods and definitions accepted by the He Waka Eke Noa Steering group, by 31 December 2021. (achieved)
2. For all farms in New Zealand, a person responsible for farm management holds a documented annual total of on-farm greenhouse gas emissions, by methods and definitions accepted by the He Waka Eke Noa Steering group, by 31 December 2022.
3. A pilot of a farm-level accounting and reporting system has been completed by 1 January 2024 across a range of farm types.
4. A system for farm-level accounting and reporting of 2024 agricultural greenhouse gas emissions at farm level is in use by all farms by 1 January 2025.
Farm plan milestones:
5. Guidance is provided to farmers on how to measure and manage greenhouse gas emissions through farm planning by 1 January 2021. (achieved)
6. A quarter of farms have a written plan in place to measure and manage their greenhouse gas emissions by 1 January 2022.
7. All farms have a written plan in place to measure and manage their greenhouse gas emissions by 1 January 2025.
The Government may decide to pull agricultural GHG emissions in the ETS earlier than 2025 if the partnership is not making adequate progress towards these milestones.
He Waka Eke Noa has approved several tools that growers and farmers can use to calculate their emissions.
To meet Milestone 2, by 31 December 2022, all farms (enterprises over 80 hectares) need to know their total annual emissions number.
HortNZ will contact those affected growers to step them through the process. Growers can calculate their emissions using the HortNZ approved spreadsheet. Download the spreadsheet here.
If you have animals on your farm, you will need to consider emissions from animals. The FAR emissions tool is simple to use and can be found here.
To meet Milestone 6, by 1 January 2022, a quarter of farms (enterprises over 80 hectares) need a farm plan to manage their emissions. This milestone has been achieved through existing plans.
He Waka Eke Noa has provided conditional approved several existing industry farm plans, including GLOBALG.A.P. and NZGAP checklists, as meeting the requirements for Milestone 6.
The GAP schemes are working on improvements to their checklists to gain final approval. The fully approved version of GAP will be in place for Milestone 7 in 2025.
If you are a grower with over 80 hectares, you may be contacted by HortNZ to assist you with your emissions calculation. This is part of our industry’s efforts to meet Milestones 2 and 7.
In future, the 80 hectare threshold may change as part of the preferred pricing system design.
The following videos feature the stories of growers working hard to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.
Jay Clarke and his family have been getting to grips with greenhouse gas emissions on their commercial vegetable operations in the Horowhenua.
Robin Oakley, a fifth generation farmer, and his family are committed to sustainable farming and are starting to think about what that means for the climate.
An emphasis on efficiency improvements and soil health are keeping greenhouse gas emissions down on Hugh Ritchie's complex arable, livestock and horticulture operation in Hawke's Bay.